Soybean Meal is known by many other names such as Soyabean Meal, Soymeal, Soybean Cake, Soybean Oil Meal, Soybean Oil Cake, Soybean DOC etc..
Soybean meal is the most important protein source used to feed farm animals. It is the by-product of the extraction of soybean oil. There are 3 ways to extract soybean for oil and soybean meal. The most commonly used worldwide is solvent extraction. This method effectively extracts the oil from the beans and only 1,5% residual oil can be found in the soybean meal. The second method consists in mechanical extraction of the soybean flakes with a screw press to extract oil, without using any solvent. This method produces less oil and a high fat soybean meal. The third method combines extruding and expelling of soybean flakes, and neither uses solvent for oil extraction. Soybean meal is usually classified for marketing by its crude protein content. There are two main categories of soybean meal, the “high-protein” soybean meal with 47-49% protein and 3% crude fibre, obtained from dehulled seeds, and the “conventional" soybean meal, with 43-44% protein, that contain the hulls.